Gratefully with modernisation and technological development, the field of architecture and construction are pacing towards the creation of eco-friendly houses using solar structures etc. that are feasible to the dwellers economically and ecologically.
The Modern Architecture
For instance, prefabricated houses or prefab houses or also known as specialist dwellings are manufactured in advance at off-site. The components are made separately at their different particular locations. They are then shipped to the position of erecting the building in standard segments and assembled at that place.
Such modular homes are a well-depicted outcome of futurist architecture. They are built in panels or components. They are seamlessly mobile and can be transported from one place to another comfortably.
This architectural development is already catching grounds in the United States, Canada and Europe. Given the advantages of prefab homes like lesser construction time and cost-friendliness, the trend of prefab homes can acquire favour in India as well.
The Techniques Involved
Prefabricated homes are created majorly with these three primary techniques –
- Panel Built
- Manufactured Homes
- Modular Construction Technique
In the panel built technique, panels or components of wood or precast panels of concrete are formed at another site or off-site at factories. Concrete panels are constructed mainly for exterior walls. If the panels are made of wood, then they are affixed together with nails, or when cement walls are used, then the panels are put together using steel beams and then filled with concrete to cement the strength further.
In the technique of manufactured homes, the entire building or the house is built from scratch till the end at another off-site location. The components are constructed and assembled at one place. It requires an entirely different location for the house to be built. When the construction is completed, then the house is then transported to the original location where it is meant to stand finally. The offsite installation works include plumbing, electrical fittings, heating of the floor or air conditioners fixture etc.
Modular construction technique refers to a building or fabricating the blocks of the buildings in modules. For example, the segments or modules of the structure like the living room, the kitchen, the den, the bathroom etc. are built separately and then are brought together and fixed at the final place. The components are constructed independently in factories at offsite construction locations and then are assembled to build the house in entirety. Portable cabins or porta cabins, varying in sizes and types, are a part of this technique. The structures are constructed independently.
A prefab home is the ultimate future of the real estate industry. With its time and cost efficiency, it is the defining benchmark for modern-day housing culture.